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必修3 Unit 1同步测试2

一、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

1. — Do you think the Internet is ______ help when you look for a job?

— Well, it all depends. Anyway, it gives me more of ______ chance.

A. a; a B. 不填; a C. 不填; the D. a; the

2. In a move to ______ people’s medical bills, China has lowered the prices of 82 kinds of drugs by an average of 14 %.

A. meet B. settle C. reduce D. analyse

3. In time of an emergency, the captain must always keep ______ and make sure that all the passengers on board are comforted.

A. calm B. patient C. curious D. anxious

4. China has always attached great importance ______ the lives of disabled people, and its achievements ______ this field are obvious.

A. to; on B. to; in C. on; at D. on; in

5. — Peter’s injuries were severe and he bled a lot.

— Yes. Ten minutes late ______ he would have died.

A. but B. or C. so D. and

6. — Tom, what are you worrying about?

— ______ I can pass the English test next week.

A. Why B. That C. If D. Whether

7. — I hear that the football match ended with no goal. It must have been boring.

— Oh, no. ______, I enjoyed every minute.

A. In the end B. On the contrary

C. As a result D. On the other hand

8. Because the cost is largely reduced, e-shops can afford very competitive prices, which is one of the main reasons why they ______ so many customers.

A. admit B. annoy C. attract D. attack

9. When Mary got on the bus, she ______ she had left her purse at home.

A. was realizingB. realized

C. have realizedD. would realize

10. Kites can be art works or toys, depending on ______ you hang them on the wall or fly them in the sky.

A. if B. that C. which D. whether

11. A latest study shows that the more teenagers watch actors smoking in films, the more likely they are ______ the habit of smoking.

A. taken up B. to take upC. taking up D. to taking up

12. There is a widespread misunderstanding in the world ______ China’s reforms only focus on the economic field.

A. 不填 B. if C. that D. whether

13. The report says that housing prices don’t fall ______ despite many measures taken.

A. as expectedB. as is expectedC. as they expect D. as to be expected

14. It is in Steven Spielberg’s first film, Jaws, ______ a big white shark attacks swimmers ______ are spending their holidays in a small village by the sea.

A. where; whoB. which; that C. where; that D. that; that

15. — Tommy, I’ve learned about your plan. May I make some suggestions?

— ______.

A. Just for fun B. It’s up to you

C. With pleasure D. Go right ahead

二、完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

When I was 11 years old, we lived in Albany, N.Y., where my parents rented the top floor of a three-story house.

My 16 that summer was to take care of my three-year-old brother, Joey. There wasn’t much to do, so one thing that helped relieve the 17 was spending time with my neighbor on the second floor: a young 18 .

They called her Catuzza, and she 19 the company that Joey and I provided. My brother had golden 20 that she would twine (缠绕) around her finger. Her smile always made me feel that she was 21 about her own small child in her womb. Sometimes when the baby 22 , she would let me and Joey touch her stomach.

After that summer, my 23 moved to another part of the city, where Joey and I spent the rest of our 24 . I went on finishing school and became a writer. My brother Joey 25 to join the army, …and suddenly, 26 at age 35 that he had leukemia (白血病). Doctors removed his spleen (脾) and didn’t give him much hope. 27 , Joey was determined to live, because he could draw 28 from the physician he eventually found at St. Peter’s Hospital in Albany. The doctor’s name, Joey told me when I 29 him in the hospital, was Frank Lizzi.

“Lizzi?” I asked. “That’s a 30 name. When we were 31 and lived in Irving Street, our landlord was named Lizzi.”

“That’s right. What’s more, we’re not 32 apart in age. Dr. Lizzi is just three years younger than I am.”

33 it turned out, the 34 baby who had kicked inside Catuzza all those years before in Irving Street had grown up to be the doctor who 35 my brother’s life.

16. A. jobB. hobbyC. hope D. housework

17. A. fatigue B. stressC. boredom D. pain

18. A. wife-to-beB. mother-to-beC. mother D. child

19. A. acceptedB. foundC. caught D. enjoyed

20. A. cards B. handsC. curls D. eyes

21. A. bringing B. wonderingC. talking D. asking

22. A. kickedB. criedC. moved D. stuck

23. A. familyB. friendC. brother D. neighbor

24. A. lifeB. youthC. childhood D. days

25. A. rose upB. took upC. ended up D. grew up

26. A. recoveredB. arrivedC. discovered D. thought

27. A. MoreoverB. ThereforeC. However D. Afterwards

28. A. energyB. strengthC. attention D. power

29. A. calledB. visitedC. stayed D. checked

30. A. specialB. rareC. strange D. familiar

31. A. young B. oldC. idle D. naive

32. A. distantB. longC. wide D. far

33. A. AsB. WhileC. Soon D. After

34. A. naughtyB. hiddenC. unborn D. unseen

35. A. gainedB. savedC. kept D. enriched

三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

Ask a teacher to name the most annoying invention of recent years and they will often mention the mobile phone. Disturbed by the problems they create, many head teachers have ordered that pupils should keep their phones switched off at school. Others have told pupils to leave them at home.

However, education researchers at The University of Nottingham believe it is time that phone bans were reassessed because mobile phones can be a powerful learning aid. Dr Elizabeth Hartnell-Young and her colleagues have reached this conclusion after studying the consequences of allowing pupils in five secondary schools to use either their own mobile phones or the new generation of ‘smartphones’ in lessons.

During the nine-month experiment, 14-to-16-year-old pupils used the phones for a wide range of educational purposes, including creating short movies, setting homework reminders, recording a teacher reading a poem, and timing experiments with the phones’ stopwatches. The smartphones, which could be connected to the Internet, also allowed pupils to access revision websites, log into the school email system, or transfer (转存) electronic files between school and home.

The research involved 331 pupils in schools in Cambridgeshire, West Berkshire and Nottingham. “At the start of the study, even pupils were often surprised at the thought that mobile phones could be used for learning,” Dr Hartnell-Young said. “After their hands-on experience, almost all pupils said they had enjoyed the project and felt more inspired.”

Some teachers found that pupils who lacked confidence gained most from the project. However, they recognised that greater use of mobile phones in schools could cause problems.

36. When the students first used mobile phones for learning, they _______.

A. all enjoyed the project very much

B. didn’t know what they were used for

C. didn’t fully realize the learning functions of mobile phones

D. were surprised that they were allowed to use mobile phones in schools

37. Who benefited most from the project?

A. Older pupils. B. Pupils who were not confident.

C. Younger pupils. D. Pupils who were confident.

38. The purpose of the text is to tell us that _______.

A. mobile phones can actually help students learn

B. mobile phones begin to be widely used in schools

C. too much use of mobile phones in schools can cause problems

D. the mobile phone is considered the most annoying invention of recent years

B

Ruffles (褶边) add a feminine touch to an outfit. This fall, ruffles are in every store. A blouse, shirt or dress with ruffles is a must for women. Here are five ruffled fashions for fall.

Flowing shirt

This beautiful shirt has layers of ruffles in different fabrics and colors. Some layers are striped(条纹的) while others are solid. Right now, this shirt is on sale for $39.95. It comes in rich colors like a purple along with a pink and a gray color. This shirt is available at anthropologie.com in sizes from x-small to x-large. Note that this shirt needs to be hand washed.

Ruffle cardigan (开襟羊毛衫)

The cardigan from The Limited is an open style with casual ruffles along the front edges. The longer length looks great with jeans and leggings. In addition, the sleeves come to the elbows. This comes in white, black and brown. Purchase it for $59.50.

Henley shirt

This Henley shirt is a good milk white color shirt that will match with anything. The 3/4 sleeves will keep one warm in the fall. This shirt has two rows of ruffles along the collar. It comes in sizes from small to x-large and costs $49.50. Purchase this at dillards.com.

Pintucked blouse

This blouse is breathtaking. The sheer (薄的) fabric and, of course, ruffles are very pretty. Choose from off-white and black. This costs $49.90 at The Limited. It comes in sizes from x-small to x-large.

AE ruffle dress

This fresh dress is great for a date night or girl’s night out. The ruffle dress is strapless, with a sweetheart neckline and ruffles on both the top and skirt. Made from silk, this dress comes in blue, purple and black. It comes in sizes from x-small to x-large. It can be found at American Eagle Outfitters for $69.50.

39. According to the author we learn that ruffles _______.

A. can make clothes more beautiful

B. can make clothes more expensive

C. are popular with all people in fall

D. are loved by all women in fall

40. Which of the following is TRUE about the flowing shirt?

A. It is available at dillards. com.

B. Its color is pale.

C. Its layers of ruffles are made of different fabrics of the same color.

D. Some of its layers of ruffles are striped and others have no stripes.

41. Which of the following matches it most if you have a pair of brown trousers?

A. A flowing shirt.B. A pintucked blouse.

C. A ruffle cardigan.D. A Henley shirt.

42. From the text we can infer that The Limited is _______.

A. an online store that sells clothes

B. famous for selling women’s clothes

C. the brand name of a cardigan

D. a factory that produces clothing

C

Almost nine in 10 American teenage girls say they feel pressured by the fashion and media industries to be skinny and that an unrealistic, unattainable image of beauty has been created, a poll showed on Monday.

The online survey of 1,000 girls aged between 13 and 17 for the Girl Scouts of the USA found that three quarters said they would be more likely to buy clothes that they see on real-size models than on women who are skinny. But three out of four girls said that fashion is “really important” to them.

“The fashion industry remains a powerful influence on girls and the way they view themselves and their bodies,” said Kimberlee Salmond, a senior researcher at the Girl Scout Research Institute. “Teenage girls take cues (榜样) about how they should look from models they see in fashion magazines and on TV and it is something that they struggle to reconcile with (使相符) when they look at themselves in the mirror,” she said.

More than 80 percent of teen girls said they would rather see natural photos of models rather than pictures that had been digitally altered or enhanced. Other top influences on body perceptions, aside from celebrities and models, are peers, friends and parents, the poll showed.

One in three girls said they have starved themselves or refused to eat in an effort to lose weight, while almost half said they knew someone of their age who has forced herself to throw up after eating. More than a third said they know someone who has been diagnosed (诊断) with an eating disorder.

43. Most American teenage girls would like to choose clothes which _______.

A. thin girls wearB. girls of similar age wear

C. fit themselvesD. real-size models wear

44. According to Kimberlee Salmond, American teenage girls _______.

A. are carried away by the fashion industry

B. don’t believe in the fashion industry

C. can resist the influence of the fashion industry

D. are fed up with the fashion industry

45. The last paragraph suggests that some American teenage girls _______.

A. have a special way to maintain their weight

B. ruin their health to look skinny

C. have a good diet to keep fit

D. have realized the harm of not being on a diet

46. It can be inferred from the passage that _______.

A. it’s natural for American teenage girls to try to look skinny

B. American teenage girls don’t have the correct idea of beauty

C. American teenage girls are spoiled in modern society

D. American fashion industry relies on teenage girls for further development

D

Who doesn’t long for household help at times? Service robots will soon be able to relieve us of heavy, dirty tasks. Research scientists have now presented a new generation of household robots, the “Care-O-bot 3”.

The one-armed robot moves quietly and slowly to the kitchen table. With its three fingers, it carefully picks up the bottle of apple juice and puts it next to the glasses on the tray in front of it. Then it moves back into the waiting room and serves the drinks to the guests. Only 1.45 meters tall, Care-O-bot 3 is a new generation of service robots designed to help humans in the household.

But how does the robot know where to find the items it needs? And what has been done to make sure the robot does not accidentally touch a human with its arm? It is fitted with numerous sensors (传感器) to prevent this from happening. Stereo-vision color cameras, laser scanners and a 3-D range camera enable Care-O-bot 3 to record its surroundings in three dimensions (维) in real time. If a person moves into the radius (半径) of its arm, it stops moving. Another feature of the small, flexible helper is that it can move in any direction.

“This is made possible by an omnidirectional (全方向的) platform with four separately steered and driven wheels,” explains Birgit Graf, who heads the domestic and personal service robotics group at IPA. “In this way, the robot can even pass safely through narrow places in an apartment.” The new Care-O-bot 3 has a highly flexible arm with seven degrees of freedom and a hand with three fingers. This allows it to pick up bottles, cups and similar objects and to operate machines.

47. The “Care-O-bot 3” is a robot designed to _______.

A. work in some dangerous places

B. help people with housework

C. serve guests

D. go through some narrow places

48. The second paragraph mainly describes _______.

A. how the robot is madeB. how the robot works

C. where the robot can go D. what the robot is like

49. The robot will not accidentally touch a human because _______.

A. it moves very slowlyB. it has a highly flexible arm

C. it can stop moving D. it can go around a human

50. Which of the following is correct about what the robot can do?

① Serving people.② Talking with a human.

③ Operating stereo-vision color cameras.

④ Picking up objects. ⑤ Operating machines.

A. ①②④B. ①③⑤C. ②③⑤D. ①④⑤

四、任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

注意:每个空格只填1个单词。

None of us are perfect because we all make mistakes. It is not making mistakes, but not knowing how to deal with our mistakes that is frightening. In fact, mistakes are the way in which we learn and find out about the world. If there were no mistakes, we would not have cars, computers, electricity, in fact anything that has made our life easier today. Just because of fear of making mistakes, many people neither go after the things they want nor try anything new or take risks. Besides, making mistakes is also a very good way to learn — it is important to remember that we all make them and it is a natural way of getting us to get over problems.

Of course what we are talking about here are little mistakes not terrible ones. For example, losing your house over a business project is obviously not something you can ignore! But a mistake here and there which is important for personal growth usually brings extra success in turn.

So how should we deal with mistakes? Well,let’s look at the process successful people around the world go through. When they make a mistake, they simply view it as an obvious by-product (副产品) of their success. Instead of dwelling on (细想) it, they regard it as a learning opportunity.

If you are just starting out and have not achieved any form of success, then the mistakes just need to be viewed as by-products of your final success. Never give up hope or doubt yourself just because you have made some mistakes. Of course if you keep making the same mistake over and over again, then you do have a problem. You can’t have learned a lesson if you keep getting the same thing wrong.

The by-product of viewing mistakes in this proper way is increased confidence. When you no longer dwell on your mistakes, you can dwell on the positive. With your more confident new mind, you will take the risks you need. Thus, you can succeed.

五、书面表达(满分25分)

假设你叫李平,在成长的过程中遇到了很多矛盾。阅读下表内容,给学英语报写一封信介绍这些矛盾,并就如何解决这些矛盾请编辑提供一些建议。

和父母之间的矛盾 父母坚持要求自己考名牌大学,节假日经常得补课,压力很大。

和老师之间的矛盾 经常考试;

家庭作业很多,常常要做到深夜。

和同学之间的矛盾 一些同学不诚实,很难和他们相处。

词数:150左右。

参考答案:

1-15 ACABD DBCBD BCADD

16-35 ACBDC BAACD CCBBD ADACB

36-50 CBAAD DBDAB BBBCD

51. learn 52. invent/create 53. Preventing 54. opportunities 55. believe 56. repeat

57. Importance 58. confidence 59. positive 60. achieve

One possible version:

Dear editor,

I’m writing to you for some advice.

I have experienced many growing pains. First, I have problems with my parents. They insist on my going to a famous university, and I often have to have extra classes on holidays. As a result, I’m suffering from great pressure. Besides, I have problems with my teachers. They often give us many exams, and I often have to stay up late into the night to do the endless homework. What’s more, I have problems with my classmates. Some of them are not honest, and I feel it very difficult to get along well with them. Faced with so many problems, I often feel painful. Dear editor, can you give me some advice on how to solve these problems?

I’m looking forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ping

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